Qatar’s new law that regulates the entry, exit and residency of expatriates is set to come into force on 13 December 2016.
Law Number 21 of 2015, which abolishes the stipulations of Law Number 4 of 2009 regarding
Regulation of the Expatriates Entry, Departure, Residence and Sponsorship, was issued on October 27 last year.
No more two-year ban
Among other changes, the new law abolishes the current two-year ban on expatriates who want to come back to the country on a new visa. Presently it requires a no-objection certificate from the previous employer for a former resident to take up a new job in Qatar.
“Since the new law abolishes kafala (sponsorship system), a person who had previously worked in Qatar would not have to seek the approval of his former sponsor if he is recruited by a new employer,” Brigadier Mohamed Ahmed al-Atiq, assistant-director general of the Department of Border, Passport and Expatriates Affairs, had said while explaining the salient features of the new law.
“A foreign worker who has got a new contract to work in Qatar can come back even the next day provided he has met the other requirements like visa,” he said.
Brigadier al-Atiq said the two-year ban on the return of an expatriate worker was directly linked to the sponsorship (kafala) system.
Four-year ban if fired as punishment
According to Article 26 of the new law, if a foreign worker is fired as a punitive measure and he did not appeal his dismissal or his plea was rejected by a court, he shall not be permitted to come back to Qatar before the passage of four years.
Also, an expatriate worker repatriated upon a court verdict cannot come back unless he got the approval of the Minister of Interior.
Work contract will be deciding factor
According to Brigadier al-Atiq, when the new law takes effect, the work contract will be the prime document that will determine the employee-employer relationship.
It will be the basis for litigation, rights and liabilities between the employer and the worker. The contract, which both must sign, has to be approved by the authorities concerned in the country. The duration mentioned in the contract shall be binding on both parties.
Change of jobs after completion of contract period / 5 years
According to the new law, expatriate workers can change jobs with government permission, either after the expiry of their contracts or after five years of service with their employer in case of open-ended contracts.
For changing of jobs before the expiry of contract, the new law stipulates that the expatriate worker has to get the approval of the employer, alongside the concerned government entities.
If employer consent is not approved, the worker has to stay out of country until end of contract period (in case of limited contract) or completion of five years from start of work (in case of open contract).
You can read more about it here.
Exit permits directly from Ministry of Interior
The new law also enables expatriate workers to apply exit permits themselves through the approved channels of the Ministry of Interior, without having to seek the permission of the employer. The request would be granted within three working days.
In case of disputes a grievance committee will resolve the issue within three working days. If still not resolved, the issue will be referred to the court.
In cases of emergency and the mutual agreement of both the worker and the employer the exit permit will be granted immediately.
As per official sources, all expatriate employees will sign new employment contracts and this would be the basis for their job tenure.
- Guide: How expatriates can change jobs under new residency law
- Sponsorship Law: What you need to know
- Qatar Emir approves new sponsorship law
- Sponsorship Law: Bye-laws to be issued soon